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     Idaho Statutes

[No Title]
TITLE 18
CRIMES AND PUNISHMENTS
CHAPTER 80
MOTOR VEHICLES
 18-8001. Driving without privileges. (1) Any person who drives or is in actual physical control of any motor vehicle upon the highways of this state with knowledge or who has received legal notice pursuant to section 49-320, Idaho Code, that his driver's license, driving privileges or permit to drive is revoked, disqualified or suspended in this state or any other jurisdiction is guilty of a misdemeanor.
(2)  A person has knowledge that his license, driving privileges or permit to drive is revoked, disqualified or suspended when:
(a)  He has actual knowledge of the revocation, disqualification or suspension of his license, driving privileges or permit to drive; or
(b)  He has received oral or written notice from a verified, authorized source, that his license, driving privileges or permit to drive was revoked, disqualified or suspended; or
(c)  Notice of the suspension, disqualification or revocation of his license, driving privileges or permit to drive was mailed by first class mail to his address pursuant to section 49-320, Idaho Code, as shown in the transportation department records, and he failed to receive the notice or learn of its contents as a result of his own unreasonable, intentional or negligent conduct or his failure to keep the transportation department apprised of his mailing address as required by section 49-320, Idaho Code; or
(d)  He has knowledge of, or a reasonable person in his situation exercising reasonable diligence would have knowledge of, the existence of facts or circumstances which, under Idaho law, might have caused the revocation, disqualification or suspension of his license, driving privileges or permit to drive.
(3)  Any person who pleads guilty to or is found guilty of a violation of subsection (1) for the first time:
(a)  Shall be sentenced to jail for a mandatory minimum period of not less than two (2) days, and may be sentenced to not more than six (6) months, provided however, that in the discretion of the sentencing judge, the judge may authorize the defendant to be assigned to a work release or work detail program within the custody of the county sheriff during the period of incarceration, or, if the underlying suspension that resulted in the violation of this section is not a suspension resulting from an offense identified in subsection (8) of this section, the judge may authorize an equivalent amount of community service in lieu of jail, or any equivalent combination of these options;
(b)  May be fined an amount not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000); and
(c)   May have his driving privileges suspended by the court for a period not to exceed one hundred eighty (180) days following the end of any period of suspension, disqualification or revocation existing at the time of the violation; the defendant may request restricted driving privileges during the period of the suspension or disqualification, which the court may allow if the defendant shows by a preponderance of the evidence that driving privileges are necessary for his employment, education or for family health needs.
(4)  Any person who pleads guilty to or is found guilty of a violation of subsection (1) for a second time within five (5) years, irrespective of the form of the judgment(s) or withheld judgment(s):
(a)  Shall be sentenced to jail for a mandatory minimum period of not less than twenty (20) days, and may be sentenced to not more than one (1) year, provided however, that in the discretion of the sentencing judge, the judge may authorize the defendant to be assigned to a work release or work detail program within the custody of the county sheriff during the period of incarceration, or, if the underlying suspension that resulted in the violation of this section is not a suspension resulting from an offense identified in subsection (8) of this section, the judge may authorize an equivalent amount of community service in lieu of jail, or any equivalent combination of these options;
(b)  May be fined an amount not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000); and
(c)   May have his driving privileges suspended by the court for a period not to exceed one (1) year following the end of any period of suspension, disqualification or revocation existing at the time of the second violation. The defendant may request restricted driving privileges during the period of the suspension, which the court may allow if the defendant shows by a preponderance of the evidence that driving privileges are necessary for his employment, education or for family health needs.
(5)  Any person who has pled guilty to or been found guilty of more than two (2) violations of the provisions of subsection (1) of this section within five (5) years, notwithstanding the form of the judgment(s) or withheld judgment(s), is guilty of a misdemeanor; and
(a)  Shall be sentenced to the county jail for a mandatory minimum period of not less than thirty (30) days, and may be sentenced to not more than one (1) year; provided, however, that in the discretion of the sentencing judge, the judge may authorize the defendant to be assigned to a work release or work detail program within the custody of the county sheriff during the period of incarceration, or, if the underlying suspension that resulted in the violation of this section is not a suspension resulting from an offense identified in subsection (8) of this section, the judge may authorize an equivalent amount of community service in lieu of jail, or any equivalent combination of these options;
(b)  May be fined an amount not to exceed three thousand dollars ($3,000); and
(c)   May have his driving privileges suspended by the court for a period not to exceed two (2) years following the end of any period of suspension, disqualification or revocation existing at the time of the violation. The defendant may request restricted driving privileges during the period of the suspension, which the court may allow if the defendant shows by a preponderance of the evidence that driving privileges are necessary for his employment, education or for family health needs.
(6)  A minor may be prosecuted for a violation of subsection (1) of this section under chapter 5, title 20, Idaho Code.
(7)  If a person is convicted for a violation of section 18-8004, 18-8004C or 18-8006, Idaho Code, and at the time of arrest had no driving privileges, the penalties imposed by this section shall be in addition to any penalties imposed under the provisions of section 18-8005, 18-8004A, 18-8004C or 18-8006, Idaho Code, and not in lieu thereof.
(8)  For purposes of this section, the offenses referred to in subsections (3)(a), (4)(a) and (5)(a) of this section are:
(a)  Section 18-1501(3), Idaho Code, transporting a minor in a motor vehicle while under the influence;
(b)  Section 18-4006(3), Idaho Code, vehicular manslaughter;
(c)  Section 18-8001, Idaho Code, driving without privileges;
(d)  Section 18-8004, Idaho Code, driving under the influence of alcohol, drugs or other intoxicating substances;
(e)  Section 18-8004C, Idaho Code, excessive alcohol concentration;
(f)  Section 18-8006, Idaho Code, aggravated driving while under the influence of alcohol, drugs or any other intoxicating substances;
(g)  Section 18-8007, Idaho Code, leaving the scene of an accident resulting in injury or death;
(h)  Section 49-1229, Idaho Code, required motor vehicle insurance;
(i)  Section 49-1232, Idaho Code, certificate or proof of liability insurance to be carried in motor vehicle;
(j)  Section 49-1401, Idaho Code, reckless driving;
(k)  Section 49-1404, Idaho Code, eluding a police officer;
(l)  Section 49-1428, Idaho Code, operating a vehicle without liability insurance;
or any substantially conforming foreign criminal violation.
(9)  In no event shall a person be granted restricted driving privileges unless the person shows proof of liability insurance or other proof of financial responsibility, as provided in chapter 12, title 49, Idaho Code.
(10) In no event shall a person who is disqualified or whose driving privileges are suspended, revoked or canceled under the provisions of this chapter be granted restricted driving privileges to operate a commercial motor vehicle.

History:
[18-8001, added 1984, ch. 22, sec. 2, p. 26; am. 1988, ch. 265, sec. 563, p. 859; am. 1989, ch. 88, sec. 59, p. 198; am. 1990, ch. 45, sec. 42, p. 109; am. 1990, ch. 432, sec. 9, p. 1201; am. 1992, ch. 115, sec. 38, p. 379; am. 1994, ch. 148, sec. 1, p. 336; am. 1998, ch. 110, sec. 1, p. 377; am. 1998, ch. 325, sec. 1, p. 1051; am. 2003, ch. 157, sec. 1, p. 443; am. 2005, ch. 359, sec. 13, p. 1140; am. 2007, ch. 34, sec. 1, p. 78; am. 2011, ch. 105, sec. 1, p. 269.]

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