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     Idaho Statutes

[No Title]
TITLE 49
MOTOR VEHICLES
CHAPTER 1
DEFINITIONS
 49-120. Definitions -- S. (1) "Saddlemount combination" means a combination of vehicles in which a truck or truck tractor tows one (1), two (2) or three (3) trucks or truck tractors, each connected by a saddle to the frame or fifth wheel of the vehicle in front of it. The saddle is a mechanism that connects the front axle of the towed vehicle to the frame or fifth wheel of the vehicle in front and functions like a fifth wheel kingpin connection. A smaller vehicle mounted completely on the frame of either the first or last vehicle may be used in a saddlemount combination.
(2)  "Safety glazing materials" means glazing materials so constructed, treated or combined with other materials as to reduce substantially, in comparison with ordinary sheet glass or plate glass, the likelihood of injury to persons by objects from exterior sources or by these safety glazing materials when they may be cracked or broken.
(3)  "Safety zone" means the area or space officially set apart within a highway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
(4)  "Salvage pool" means a licensed vehicle dealer engaged primarily in the business of disposing of salvage vehicles, recovered stolen vehicles, or both.
(5)  "School bus" means every motor vehicle that complies with the color and identification requirements set forth in the most recent edition of "Minimum Standards for School Buses" and is used to transport children to or from school or in connection with school approved activities and includes buses operated by contract carriers.
(6)  "Secretary" means the secretary of transportation of the United States.
(7)  "Security agreement." (See section 28-9-102, Idaho Code)
(8)  "Security interest." (See section 28-1-201, Idaho Code)
(9)  "Sell," "sold," "buy," and "purchase," mean and include, as used in sections 49-2401 through 49-2406, Idaho Code, exchange, barter, gift, and offer or contract to sell or buy.
(10) "Semitrailer." (See "Trailer," section 49-121, Idaho Code)
(11) "Serious traffic violation" means conviction of an offense specified in 49 CFR part 383 and including any subsequent amendments thereto, while operating a commercial motor vehicle, and shall include driving a commercial motor vehicle:
(a)  Without obtaining a commercial driver's license; or
(b)  Without having a commercial driver's license in the driver's possession; or
(c)  Without the proper license class of commercial driver's license or endorsements for the specific vehicle group being operated or for the passengers or type of cargo being transported.
(12) "Sidewalk" means that portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines intended for use by pedestrians.
(13) "Signal." (See "Railroad sign," section 49-119, Idaho Code)
(14) "Skills test" means an actual demonstration of ability to exercise ordinary and reasonable control in the operation of a motor vehicle.
(15) "Slow moving vehicle" means any vehicle not normally operated upon the highways.
(16) "Snow tire." (See "Tires," section 49-121, Idaho Code)
(17) "Sold." (See "Sell," "buy," and "purchase," this section)
(18) "Solid rubber tire." (See "Tires," section 49-121, Idaho Code)
(19) "Special license plate" means a license plate that is made available to the public as a personal alternative to the standard issue license plate. No special program fee shall be charged for the registration or plates issued under sections 49-403, 49-403A, 49-404, 49-405, 49-410, 49-415, 49-415A and 49-415B, Idaho Code.
(20) "Special mobile equipment" means every vehicle not designed or used primarily for the transportation of persons or property and only incidentally operated or moved over a highway, including: ditch-digging apparatus, well-boring apparatus and road construction and maintenance machinery such as asphalt spreaders, bituminous mixers, bucket loaders, tractors other than truck tractors, ditchers, leveling graders, finishing machines, motor graders, road rollers, scarifiers, earth moving carry-alls and scrapers, power shovels and drag lines, and self-propelled cranes, and earth moving equipment. The term does not include travel trailers, dump trucks, truck mounted transit mixers, cranes or shovels, or other vehicles designed for the transportation of persons or property to which machinery has been attached.
(21) "Specially constructed vehicle." (See "Vehicle," section 49-123, Idaho Code)
(22) "Specialty off-highway vehicle." (See "Vehicle," section 49-123, Idaho Code)
(23) "Stand" or "standing" means the halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers.
(24) "State" means a state, territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico or a province of Canada.
(25) "Stop" means the act of or complete cessation from movement.
(26) "Stopping" means the act of any halting even momentarily of a vehicle.
(27) "Street." (See "Highways," section 49-109, Idaho Code)
(28) "Street rod" means any pre-1949 vehicle which has had a significant drive train update from a more modern vehicle. Changes may include engine, transmission, rear axle, and other suspension components. The body will be, or resemble the same as the manufacturer's original issue after its first sale after manufacture.
(29) "Studded tire." (See "Tires," section 49-121, Idaho Code)
(30) "Substandard width lane" means a lane that is too narrow for a bicycle and a motor vehicle to travel safely side by side within the lane.
(31) "Supplemental lot" means a physically separate location owned and maintained by a licensed dealer or manufacturer within the same or adjacent county as the principal place of business which meets all the requirements for a principal place of business.
(32) "Suspension of driver's license" means the temporary withdrawal by formal action of the department or as otherwise provided in this title of a person's driver's license or privilege to operate a motor vehicle on the public highways, which temporary withdrawal shall be for a period specifically designated by the department.
(33) "Suspension of vehicle registration" means the temporary withdrawal by formal action of the department or as otherwise provided in this title of a person's vehicle registration or, in the case of fleets of vehicles, all vehicle registrations in each fleet operated by a company. Upon suspension, the privileges of operating the vehicle or vehicles on Idaho highways is terminated until the difficulty that caused the suspension is corrected and notification is provided that the suspension has been lifted.

History:
[49-120, added 1988, ch. 265, sec. 2, p. 565; am. 1989, ch. 88, sec. 11, p. 164; am. 1989, ch. 285, sec. 3, p. 702; am. 1989, ch. 310, sec. 5, p. 776; am. 1990, ch. 45, sec. 9, p. 81; am. 1990, ch. 176, sec. 1, p. 374; am. 1992, ch. 35, sec. 3, p. 103; am. 1992, ch. 232, sec. 1, p. 691; am. 1992, ch. 261, sec. 1, p. 756; am. 1993, ch. 135, sec. 1, p. 331; am. 1996, ch. 371, sec. 3, p. 1251; am. 2000, ch. 87, sec. 1, p. 189; am. 2001, ch. 208, sec. 29, p. 828; am. 2006, ch. 164, sec. 2, p. 489; am. 2009, ch. 157, sec. 3, p. 460.]

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